A report by Bartók, the collector, on folk music found in a small area of Southern Turkey, in the vicinity of Adana in the course of a tour barely two weeks long in 1936. Includes 121 pages of music notation, complete texts of the songs with English translations, analytical essay by Bartók, eight b/w photographs, 24 x 16 cm., total 270 (195 numbered) pages. This is the second edition of the book, revised according to the manuscript. Editorial alterations and additions in the first edition are now eliminated, the song texts are now type set. Explanatory notes by Peter Bartók are added.